Kurangani Tribals


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Tamil Nadu is home to 36 tribes and subtribes. Public literacy is 27.9 percent. Many of Tamil Nadu's tribals are farmers, farm laborers, or forest dependents for their livelihood. There are six-price shops and groceries are delivered by horse to the residents of the hill village Kurangani Muduvakkudi in Theni district. Near to "SUMAI THANGI PARAI" When talking to the men, they said, "We were on the path made particularly for horses, tribals, and trekkers." Here no jeeps were permitted because the sound created by the Jeep would cause disruption to the animals and birds in that area. Interestingly, the sumaithangi was part of a traditional rite of death in Tamil Nadu aside from becoming load bearers. It has been a tradition to set up a sumaithangi as a shrine for a pregnant woman who died during childbirth, the group leader says. Muthuvan culture concentrated mostly in the Kurangani hills and their neighboring hill districts. Mudugar communities found in this area exclusively are really two distinct communities. The word 'Muduvan' is a 'Muthuvan' synonym. Yet again the people known as the Muthuvan community located on the eastern side of the village of Malappuram and Kurangani have no relation with the Muthuvans of the Theni district. Their clan activity is to collect honey. They collect honey from the biggest rocks on the slope. Tribes were living in the woodland area and we saw their residence apart from the hills in a distance. A special character is that they are holding a child in the mother's back. When someone comes across, they used to hide in nearby woods. The government has arranged a school for the kids too, a special teacher is arranged to take the class and the teacher will teach the kids by staying there for a weekday. But there were people who were not willing to allow their children to go to school. And the schooling system in that region also was a disappointment. Six tribal groups, Toda, Kota, Kurumbas, Irulur, Paniyan, and Kattunayakan, were listed as primitive tribal communities according to the website of the Tamil Nadu forest department. Ironically all the six tribes of the Nilgiris are locals. A traditional concept for a tribe is a group of people who together share a shared origin, or a common ancestor, a similar religion, and who live within their own enclosed society. Many Tribal autonomies ensure the tribes are free to govern themselves. Apart from the county, state, or federal government, each federally recognized tribal preserves the sovereignty of an individual sovereign nation. ...Most laws governing tribal members and affairs come from tribal governments themselves. A clan that is used in some European countries and family is named for a tribe. A social group comprising numerous families, clans, or generations, with slaves, dependents, or strangers adopted. This form of family is present in many Indian tribes. Yet among the Parson and Santals, this is very common. By nature, a band was a small, decentralized, kin-based group of maybe 10–50 people, while a tribe comprised a variety of bands that were politically united and shared a language, religious views, and other cultural aspects, the tribe is a traditional group of people within society. Some tribes have lived far longer than those in modern states and countries. The tribe is often used to denote simply "family" or "clan," or even a broad group. Culture is often defined as collective, not human, local, not universal, educated, not instinctive, Historical rather than evolutionary, has developed rather than expected, has been spread rather than organized, and has expanded rather than expanded. Tribals in India are various communities scattered unevenly throughout the country and some of them are called Scheduled Tribes. This is because the names of certain tribes are found in Schedules 5 and 6 of the Constitution, and the rules refer only to those particular classes. Muthuvan men take honey from the forest but never use it on their own; they sell it through the Girijan Cooperative Society. They get a hundred and ten rupees for one liter of honey. They go deep inside the forest, gathering honey with a group of 8 to 10 members. Muthuvans' sources of occupation and revenue are from various industries such as agriculture, manual labor, NREGA, NTFP, and Jobs built on reeds. Most citizens are not limited to one specific industry, although they are active in more than one Areas above based on abilities, job capability, and season. A large portion of the income is derived from agriculture and Wage jobs. Employment as labor in the fields of non-tribal community families and in State Forest Department managed plantations is the primary source of regular wages. At the fringe village, 80 percent of families rely for their livelihood on agriculture. Farm income is mostly from cash crops such as cocoa, is a nut, and rubber. While 80 and 60 percent in the fringe settlement respectively derive their income from wage labor and reed-based jobs. NREGA another source of women 's income in the settlements. According to tribal tradition, the 'Muthuvan' people were loyal subjects of the Madurai dynasty. The remaining kingly leaders fled to Travancore, central Kerala when the dynasty was deposed. On their way to Kerala, the Muthuvas were bearing on their backs the idols of Madurai Meenakshi, the royal family deity. The disturbing news was, "The Adivasi women from the remote forest village, Edamalakudy, have become dependent on the" pill "in Kerala's Idukki district to avoid being sent away or pregnant in menstrual quarantine homes." The news, of course, somewhat confused the mind of the researcher and contributed to new thinking about this activity and its implications. Gradually the thought has shifted from its connection of society into a different path. Here a clear connection between community and wellbeing may be found. In another way, the unique culture provides the Muthuvan tribe with a distinctive identification and status. The researcher tried to explore the relationship between culture and health on Muth in these contradictory perspectives. The women are ingenious and personified to the proponents of admiring tribal culture. Although several themes with regard to cultural factors associated with the health of Muthuvan Tribal women emerged from the interviews. These themes are: Passive followers of culture. …

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